« 添削・修正 | Main | 命 »

合理

KapfererのBeyond Rationalismの読書会がもうすぐ始まる。
第1章は僕の担当なのでレジメを作るその途中。

19世紀の進化主義から機能主義を経由して、ふたたび現在、呪術研究は熱い。
ゲシーレやコマロフ夫妻といったModernity論者たちは、近代の不確定性や曖昧さによって呪術的実践が世界各地で増大していると主張する。その議論に乗って、未開の「他者」の代名詞だった呪術は、一気に「我々」共通のものとなった。カーゴカルトで空から降ってくる品々を待つ人々は、ネット証券取引で一気に富を増大させようとする僕たちのファンタジーとリンクしていく。あとは、グローバルな世界で僕たちはみんな、実は呪術的な実践を行っているんだよと非=人類学者たちを啓蒙しさえすればいい。

そんな日本でもここ数年続いている呪術研究の熱狂を、僕はフィールドで眺めていた。
もちろん乗り遅れることへの恐れはあったけれど、それ以上にフィールドで直面するオカルト的諸事象と、「呪術の近代性」のあまりに整った議論との間に少しズレを感じていた。

そんな僕の違和感に答えてくれるかのように、Kapfererは痛烈に批判する。
それは形を変えた合理主義ではないのだろうか。
合理的というゲージの元に、これまでは未開の他者を計測していたのが、現在は我々みんなを計測しているに過ぎない。一体、変化が喧伝される人類学の何が変わったというのだろうか?、と。

このこと自体は、もっと練っていく必要があるし、今書いている論文で向かい合わなければいけない問題だ。
でも、相変わらず僕は悪い癖で、別のことを考え始める。

一昨日のゼミで、企業の営為と人類学者の営為について、企業経験豊かな発表者の一言。
「会社では、目的を設定してから事実についての調査を行うけれど、人類学は事実を集めてからまだ見ぬ何かを引き出そうとする」(僕の要約と解釈)
もちろん、そんなにきれいには分かれないだろう。でも、確かにそこでは人類学のいいところと悪いところが両方とも端的に表現されているのではないか。

多様性と同質性。
人類学者たちが、きっと毎日世界中どこか<他>なる場所に出かけていって集めてくる事例の数々。
すべてがそれぞれ独自のものでありながら、その中に何かしら人間として共通のものがあるのかもしれない。価値に差はあるべきではないが、かといって全てが同じではない。最初からまとめてしまうことができないのと同じく、後からまとめてしまうこともできない。

フィールドで僕が出会うオカルト的な興味深い出来事の1つ1つには、それを行う人たちの個別で切実な思いがそれぞれこめられていた。それらと出会うことは僕にとって、1つ1つの苦しみや喜びや、憎しみや気遣いや、希望や絶望と出会うことでもあった。

合理性やModernityという<ことば>を超えて、僕が書きたいのはきっとそれぞれ個別の瞬間の何か。
そう。その何かが何なのかわからないからこんなに僕はいま立ち止まっていて、でもその何かが僕に喚起する情動のようなものは僕をいつも追い立てている。

今は、自分ができない理由の分析すらこんなに曖昧な言葉でしか語れないから、きっと残されたレジメの作成に帰れることに少し安堵感を感じるんだろうな。

|

« 添削・修正 | Main | 命 »

Comments

この前コマロフ夫妻を間近で見ました。彼らの出身地で。彼らのプレゼンは演劇みたいで、二人は途中で交代していました。後で聞いた話によると、彼らはどんな小さなプレゼンでも、鏡の前で予行演習するのだとか。内容は犯罪のイメージについて。いかに彼らの出身地が犯罪のイメージと共に語られ、その語りが世界で流通しているか、だれそれの友達がこんな犯罪に逢った、という話が現実感を持って流通しているが、それは本当なのか、犯罪発生率が一人歩きしていないか、という話でした。しかし、彼らが引き合いに出してきた犯罪発生率の例が全て英国植民地なのには驚きました。インド、ニュージーランド、、、彼らの頭の中では、世界は英国植民地でできているらしい。

Posted by: 人類学徒@世界のどこか | October 28, 2004 11:00 PM

おー、コマロフ夫妻を直接見れるなんて、うらやましいですね。あまりにもビッグネームになって、それで世界中で批判してやろうってやつらが一杯っていうのも、きっと大変なんだろうな。直接観察ができない僕としては、きっとあなたのような人がもっと日本の人類学にコメントしてくれると良くなるんだろうなって思う。

Posted by: azuma | October 29, 2004 12:58 AM

すごく過去のエントリーにコメントしてしまってすみません。僕がお目にかかるずっと前から、AZUMAさんはいま僕が考えているようなことはとっくに見通していらっしゃったのですね。

僕はやっぱり「合理化」をよしとする合理主義の立場に立ちたく思います。世界には不合理が存在する余地は本来ないと思うからです。椅子取りゲームをやっているときに、限られた椅子をできるだけ多くの人が座れるようにするにはやはり合理主義が有効と思います。なんかちゃんと言いたいんですけれども、どうも曖昧な言い方になりますが。

これ、全くAZUMAさんから見たら見当違いのことを言っているのかもしれないけれども。個別性とか多様性とか、それはいわばラグジャリーであって、そんなものよりは全部いちど目的合理性のほうを優先させて世界を構築させちゃいたいな、とか思っています。いつもすみません。

Posted by: えむ | June 25, 2006 08:28 PM

Whats up very nice blog!! Guy .. Excellent .. Wonderful .. I'll bookmark your site and take the feeds also? I am happy to seek out a lot of useful information here within the post, we want develop more techniques on this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .

Posted by: descargar minecraft gratis | March 13, 2014 04:24 PM

Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I've really loved browsing your weblog posts. After all I'll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!

Posted by: busco mujeres solteras | April 10, 2014 05:14 AM

Hi there to every one, the contents existing at this site are in fact awesome for people experience, well, keep up the good work fellows.

Posted by: mujeres bonitas | April 24, 2014 09:49 AM

Keep on working, great job!

Posted by: Quest Bars | September 26, 2014 12:40 PM

Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently fast. Quest Bars blogesaurus

Posted by: quest bars lawsuit | October 09, 2014 05:33 PM

I have read so many content regarding the blogger lovers except this paragraph is actually a good article, keep it up. Quest Bars blogesaurus

Posted by: Quest Bars Lawsuit | October 12, 2014 06:10 PM

Superb site you have here but I was curious if you knew of any message boards that cover the same topics discussed in this article? I'd really like to be a part of group where I can get advice from other experienced people that share the same interest. If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Thanks a lot!

Posted by: Best dating sites | October 16, 2014 07:21 AM

Pretty great post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wished to mention that I've truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I'll be subscribing in your feed and I am hoping you write once more soon!

Posted by: Diet Plans for Women to Lose Weight | October 17, 2014 09:13 PM

Hey! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing several weeks of hard work due to no backup. Do you have any methods to prevent hackers?

Posted by: Payday Loans No Credit Check | October 23, 2014 04:58 AM

Hi there, of course this piece of writing is genuinely nice and I have learned lot of things from it about blogging. thanks.

Posted by: Best Dating Sites | December 22, 2014 06:53 AM

Touche. Sound arguments. Keep up the great spirit.

Posted by: best dating Sites | December 28, 2014 06:59 PM

With havin so much content and articles do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright infringement? My blog has a lot of unique content I've either written myself or outsourced but it appears a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my agreement. Do you know any ways to help reduce content from being stolen? I'd really appreciate it.

Posted by: best dating sites | January 06, 2015 04:52 PM

Does your site have a contact page? I'm having problems locating it but, I'd like to shoot you an email. I've got some recommendations for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it develop over time. blogesaurus.com quest bars

Posted by: Quest bars Cheapest | January 23, 2015 09:23 AM

My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using Movable-type on a variety of websites for about a year and am nervous about switching to another platform. I have heard very good things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it? Any help would be really appreciated!

Posted by: minecraft free download full version | February 08, 2015 12:05 PM

What's Taking place i'm new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It positively helpful and it has aided me out loads. I'm hoping to contribute & help different customers like its aided me. Great job.

Posted by: free music downloads | February 18, 2015 06:07 PM

Howdy, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam feedback? If so how do you prevent it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it's driving me insane so any help is very much appreciated.

Posted by: กระเป๋ากล้อง | June 23, 2015 08:38 PM

The real help when trying smoking cessation is from support of others, if you feel you are doing it for others as well as yourself you will find it easier as many women have found when pregnant, if you know you may be affecting the health of your baby you are more likely to make a better effort. Complications may occur during a healthy pregnancy, so give the unborn child a chance for a healthy life from the beginning. Scientific research has established a link between marijuana use and peer groups.

Posted by: check | August 20, 2015 05:43 PM

Fantastic site. A lot of helpful info here. I am sending it to a few pals ans also sharing in delicious. And obviously, thank you for your effort!

Posted by: http://clashofclanshackcoinsz.blogspot.com/ | September 07, 2015 11:05 PM

Unquestionably believe that that you stated. Your favorite justification seemed to be at the net the simplest factor to take into accout of. I say to you, I certainly get irked while folks consider issues that they plainly don't understand about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the entire thing with no need side effect , people could take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

Posted by: iphone screen repair san diego | September 09, 2015 02:29 PM

Use this guide on how to make a SMART Board lesson for the help you need. A typical tower defense game, Tap Defense allows gamers to set up turrets and wait for waves of enemies to fall into your traps. Also featured in the image is the regular version of Link, who is also using the same attack.

Posted by: Phillip | September 10, 2015 02:21 AM

So if obtaining a new furnace is something which you might need to do again, it will be a good idea if you do some comparison shopping and try to do this before the hectic season hits the repair company or you might find that you will have to wait more than you actually want to wait. These are some of the problems that you may face with an electric water heater:. Be very careful because many times the edges of the metal pieces are very sharp.

Posted by: furnace prices Winnipeg MB | September 10, 2015 03:54 AM

Howdy! I could have sworn I've visited this website before but after going through a few of the posts I realized it's new to me. Regardless, I'm certainly pleased I stumbled upon it and I'll be book-marking it and checking back frequently!

Posted by: หาช่างภาพงานแต่งงาน | September 13, 2015 05:24 AM

Hi to every , for the reason that I am in fact keen of reading this web site's post to be updated on a regular basis. It consists of good stuff.

Posted by: Facility Pest Control Los Angeles | September 24, 2015 03:01 AM

You find online pharmacies offering a wide range of anabolic steroids online.

Posted by: buy steroids burnaby | October 01, 2015 10:11 AM

Neither of these methods has been shown to function.

Posted by: anabolic androgenic steroids | October 01, 2015 12:36 PM

A chiropractor treats people who suffer from ailments relating to the muscles and skeleton. Another common issue that many people suffer from is digestive problems. On his initial pay a visit to, the Chiropractor observed a slight spinal issue in Jonny - in the location linked with asthma.

Posted by: http://www.forumsuniverse.com/3144/swift-advice-in-back-pain-therapy-insights | October 17, 2015 01:18 PM

If it had to expire for the nutritional requirements, it really is ready to go. Sodium toss it in.

Posted by: phen375 mexico | October 27, 2015 12:03 AM

I can still include some other good programs here like Final Cut, Edius, Avid Media Composer, and others and you can also choose those softwares if you want. The features of the software are the indicators in this case. s views, one area is a place to enter the photos and videos and displayed Slide show.

Posted by: https://www.jebbit.com/blog/5-reasons-auto-industry-embracing-post-click-engagement | October 28, 2015 01:30 AM

Therefore, have patience and meet a chiropractor with right expectations. Many individuals who have gone to a chiropractor with this type of pain have seen benefits from the very first time they visited. The cause of CTS is the collapse of one or more of the wrist bones.

Posted by: spoilertv.org | October 29, 2015 05:10 PM

She has come to your website for information, not to criticise your buttons and headings. If someone wanted your product at 2am you would need to get up and sell it to them. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'brighthub_com-medrectangle-2']));.

Posted by: Mandy | October 29, 2015 08:43 PM

Read everything you can about each dispensary before you visit and be sure to talk to other patients and share experiences, good and bad, and be prepared to sign a lot of "change of caregiver" forms before you find a good one. And remember to substitute your sugar with aspartame-based sweeteners. 0 herbal Vaporizer can be used hands free and has a heat shield for protection, the digital controls give you the ability to set the temperature you need for the biomass you are using.

Posted by: faizi-group.com | October 31, 2015 01:44 AM

Avoid discussions of a deeper commitment or marriage at the beginning of a friendship including talks about personal finances, sex or a future together. Right now, talk about your present, and enjoy the dating experience. They can also select a number of diverse alternatives that they believe to become an individual they would get pleasure from getting to know just a little better, just passing more than the ones that tend not to seem like a good match.

Posted by: Janice | October 31, 2015 02:17 PM

Freeware that have already been released usually would require you to at least have a Windows XP processor and also a fast processor speed and a big memory free space. re not in the mood, you possibly can always visit the Auto - Movie button and also video editing tool will do all the give you the results you want; you'll be able to even intervene anytime. Of course, making the videos is only half the job, you need to submit them, the more you submit, the more traffic you'll get.

Posted by: Video Marketing Statistics Uk | November 03, 2015 08:58 AM

It could seem a little expensive to some of us, however, the tip impact and also the result that you simply will see out of the vape extremely is commendable. Phytochemicals: Alliin, allicin, inulin, essential oil. If you want to reveal the great precision with the temperature than it is suggested you to choose the digital vaporizer because no other vaporizer will provide the same accuracy with temperature as like this.

Posted by: Kory | November 06, 2015 12:35 AM

Post a comment



(Not displayed with comment.)




TrackBack


Listed below are links to weblogs that reference 合理:

« 添削・修正 | Main | 命 »