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罰ゲーム

このシーズンがまたやってきた。日本文化人類学会。今年は北海道大学で開催。

色々な研究会やネット上でのコミュニケーションを通じて、昨年度は人類学の実践共同体に(ゆるやかにでも)帰属している人たちと多く知り合うことができた。あの人たちとまた再会できると思うと楽しみで仕方がない。

が、しかし…。

頭を悩ませていることがある。事の発端はこれ。みごとにのび太は黒髪で、僕は学会発表に坊主か金髪で臨むことになった。賭けの相手のK君には緑色の血が流れているようでまったく容赦はなさそうだし、そんなガセ情報を流した大学時代の友人は、「坊主も金髪もきっと似合うぜ」って。「ぜ」って、お前…。勝敗が判明してしばらくは僕を追っかける公安の妄想へと逃避していたけれど、次第に当日が近づいてくるにしたがって、覚悟を決めなければとここに書くことにした。

大学時代に手足を縛られて顔中に落書きをされて朝5時の渋谷のセンター街でナンパをして以来、最悪の罰ゲームだ…。あの時は、何組かに「うわ、マジ気持ち悪い」って逃げ出されただけですんだけれど、今回は多分僕の未来が少し逃げ出していくんだろうな。

あああ、何が悲しくって30直前になって坊主か金髪で学会発表しなければいけないんだろう。まだ、どっちにするかを決定するまでは心が奮い立っていないのであと数日悩むことにします。

これが学会のプログラム。以下は僕の発表題目と要旨。

呪術と<そうではなかった>可能性―フィリピン地方都市の病者実践より
東 賢太朗(日本学術振興会)

 「そんなはずはない、しかし…」(Favret=Saada 1977)というつぶやきによって表現されようとしているのは、現実と非現実、可能と不可能の境界線上で喚起される呪術的想像力であり、また反省的な言語化を拒む呪術的経験のリアリティではなかっただろうか。そこには、呪術の所在を合理的思考の外側に想定しながらも、合理性の枠内で思考せざるを得ないという人類学(者)のアポリア(Kapferer 2003)が内在している。
 本報告では、呪術のModernity論や医療人類学における多元的医療体系モデルの批判的検討を行い、そこから呪術を対置化する形而上学と、取り込み道具化しようとする否定神学という表裏一体の思考モードが人類学的呪術論を支えてきたことを確認する。その上で、<他者表象>の問題ともパラレルである呪術論を「思考されざるもの」の複数性へと解き放つ可能性について、具体的事例を用いながら考察する。
 提示する事例は、フィリピン地方都市であるロハスにおける病者の実践である。同地域の病者がアクセス可能な医療資源を、①近代医療、②呪医の病治し、③カリスマ派カトリック運動の癒しの3つと設定したとき、各資源間には葛藤がみられながらも、病者は3つの資源を日常的に横断して運用している。そこにみられるのは、支配的言説である近代医療が提示する病の症状と原因の1対1関係ではなく、病が常に解釈に対してひらかれており、また病の意味は常に過剰であり、それゆえに病者には常に苦しみから解放される<そうではなかった>可能性が残されるという状況である。

キーワード:呪術、Modernity論、フィリピン、呪医、カリスマ派

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Comments

学会発表の件、小生のような素人にはうかがい知れない深い狙いがおありのようで、おみそれしました。発表がうまく行くことを心から祈っております。

ところで罰ゲームの件ですが、いくら酒席の遊びとはいえ、将来ある東さんが変なことで履歴に傷がついてもなんですから、ここはひとつ先方に頭のひとつも下げて、坊主も金髪もなんとかせずにすむようにしてはどうでしょうか。具体的にはやはり金銭で誠意を示すことが現実的ではないかと思いますが、もし東さんがご承知ならわたくし差し出がましいようですが仲介させていただきますが。金額は、こういうことに相場はないとは思いますがお互い大人の約束ですし、福沢先生お二人ぐらいでどうでしょうか。どうぞご一考下さい。

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